An introduction to Functionalism for AS and A level sociology - covering the basic key ideas of Functionalist thinkers Durkheim and Parsons - social facts, social solidarity, and anomie, the organic analogy, and the importance of socialisation. 35 0 R % 'Annot.NUMBER24': class PDFDictionary After all we're not savages. /Border [ 0 ;>[9CJtV22FB"LeH7mWtt#[W/R44`@SGl^bcT900=4J6+kb2sAA&neU>sq5G`:oQH. /Type /Action 709.9469 46 0 obj % 'Annot.NUMBER1': class PDFDictionary /ImageC 23 0 obj 721.9469 ] /Border [ 0 1.1 STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONALISM DEFINED Frenchman, Henri de Saint-Simon (1760-1825), proposed one of the earliest documented attempts devoted to the study of society. << /A << /S /URI 0 ] /Border [ 0 % 'FormXob.1e99e49e6e7930b9975d19708d53f02f': class PDFImageXObject Society is seen as an organism, there are multiple parts each with a different function that works together to make sure society is operating smoothly. 557.9469 /Type /Action 8 0 R /Type /Annot >> 0 endobj /Type /Action /Rect [ 62.69291 << /A << /S /URI << /Annots [ 31 0 R 238.4095 /Subtype /Link << /A << /S /URI /Subtype /Link 527.9469 ] 0 endobj 34 0 obj /Rect [ 265.8508 0 385.4147 739.9469 640.9469 ] /Border [ 0 47 0 obj /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biologist) >> /Border [ 0 /Type /Annot >> /Height 333 694.9469 << /A << /S /URI endobj /Text 40 0 R In case this sociological perspective is not clear to you, the first part of these Notes is given over to a brief overview of this perspective. /Border [ 0 /Type /Action Society Structure & Social Facts Emile Durkheim was a well-known sociologist famous for his views on the structure of society. 700.9469 It examines the necessary structures that make up a society and how each part helps to keep the society stable. << /A << /S /URI 31 0 obj % 'Annot.NUMBER33': class PDFDictionary << /A << /S /URI Functionalism is a ‘structural-consensus theory’. /Rect [ 293.2899 This could include going to school, working, eating fast food, or listening to pop music. 37 0 obj 0 ] WSU ID. /Type /Action 198.8289 endobj 332.9785 0 ] /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_dilemma) >> /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evolutionary_theory) >> /Rect [ 118.9262 29 0 obj % 'Annot.NUMBER29': class PDFDictionary 709.9469 It sees the creation and maintenance of shared values and norms as crucial to society, and views social change as a slow, orderly process. /Type /Annot >> Through the theoretical approach, Durkheim's theory of structural functionalism was that everything has a function that is necessary to the whole. 20 0 obj 12 0 R 0 297.9836 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Modernity) >> /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anthropology) >> 0 << /A << /S /URI 0 ] << /A << /S /URI 0 0 % Page dictionary 429.1657 << /A << /S /URI 49 0 obj /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rousseau) >> 0 324.0488 ] Show More. /Type /Page >> /Rect [ 401.0173 << /A << /S /URI /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antipositivism) >> /Rect [ 481.411 Structural functionalism, or in many contexts simply functionalism, is a broad perspective in sociology and anthropology which sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. stream 440.0487 << /A << /S /URI % 'Annot.NUMBER44': class PDFDictionary 527.9469 endobj /ImageI ] >> %PDF-1.3 /Subtype /Link 542.9469 In FUNCTIONALISM, society is viewed as a collection of social structures, all of which depend on and affect each other.You can think of a functionalist’s view of society as one would look at the different systems … 724.9469 ] 0 ] Émile Durkheim: A French sociologist, Durkheim has several well-known works, which include The Rules of Sociological Method,The Division of Labour in Society and Suicide. 335.3219 ] /Border [ 0 According to functionalism, society is heading toward an equilibrium. Structural Functionalism For sociology, many of these functional anthropological notions were drawn together by Talcott Parsons, a young professor at Harvard University around 1950, with considerable input from early social philosophers Max Weber, Herbert Spencer, and Emile Durkheim. Many of his ideas became the foundations of structural functionalism. /Type /Action 2) The concept of function refers to those processes that maintain the necessary integration or solidarity. 107.1529 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Group_selection%23Multilevel_selection_theory) >> /Rect [ 314.5847 0 ] endobj << /A << /S /URI Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. Many of his ideas became the foundations of structural functionalism. /ColorSpace /DeviceGray 0 /Type /Action 222.3219 /Rect [ 242.9487 /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=David_Sloan_Wilson) >> /Subtype /Link Émile Durkheim was concerned with the question of how certain societies maintain internal stability and survive over time. In his book, Suicide , Durkheim hypothesized that social relationships reduced the likelihood of suicide. 0 ] 139.8265 The other part comes from the word functionalism, which is talking about whether or not the society functions or if it promotes order and stability. /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sociological_positivism) >> /Type /Annot >> /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Talcott_Parsons) >> 29 0 R ] Men tend to be payed slightly higher wages compared to women even when doing the exact same work. /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marcel_Mauss) >> endobj 38 0 obj /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%C3%89mile_Durkheim) >> 640.9469 0 /Border [ 0 42 0 obj 159.3219 endobj 715.9469 ] /Border [ 0 endobj << /A << /S /URI /ImageC /URI (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_solidarity) >> endobj According to Calhoun “Functionalism (sometime called “structural –functionalism’) refers to the body of theory first developed in the 1930s and 1940s that treats society as a set of interdependent system. A major premise of structural functionalism is that a society must perform a set of functions in order to survive. % 'Annot.NUMBER34': class PDFDictionary )=@k*YhVT&HD]Pt/@AF09F-5=j#pY`^5+Ce5^Mp5+L", 4c#nEf++YU3BrSeWTGODiIRjj:D7-;UKF>%YGZ6A1d, Wi3pW6d0R!I3iiRO\@Hi;Q)^=DVS.t@ZMC:lCT%sK9'@u)U8Nf!f/-hiD?j>qc5T/7S9BVh__]a9()'2g9]gJ;Ui!CbQ13"./Sh<8@jFj[q`mEE+:"%3$P&70NfZ]5QN*=HQ(D1MWn.EN_O9JGaHi2*KE,p-+Jk#)"KKFQ$\X2ffI9I_\>PR:JI*SJ8asE[_,GU9/cc<4V@?+f_?TPH7Xs&0a08KJg`DRkeR)q!2gO. /Type /Action 700.9469 endobj /Type /Action 0 382.0128 /Rect [ 237.1948 << /A << /S /URI 0 43 0 R 447.1811 << /A << /S /URI 194.199 Emile Durkheim suggested this theory to explain the changes in society over time and its survival. /Type /Action 9 0 R CtCiZAaN79,\/Vr3pL2n_3kh`-&XQgi9,Lnu?Np>Is:,!ZYZ!=B&9&/.7\68At0Ij-']U#/B@4i@4@[!(Zk"sG,YE-,UO];]tT2iYHpRqdTW>O+B$7'gnQRk]\]+r@Cb]cgn"0_*:nO._fX'A&PZ:OC3;F6R@+'AT(4O@sgGanE?dGo:?8NXA3*X"ar#F\h!6'G2$$2hWLV5/UrI7pRo4fg+F9S,/o,Wa9*44`1%IFt+"V!s8hsqddi4IA. It is sometimes called structural-functionalism because it often focuses on the ways social structures (e.g., social institutions) meet social needs. A theoretical perspective that dominated early twentieth century societal analysis was structural functionalism (Durkheim 1956, Parsons 1951). /Border [ 0 130.4464 /Type /Annot >> 48 0 obj 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