[31] The Pan, Filter, and Finishing House was one of the tallest buildings in Brooklyn when finished, rivaling the heights of early skyscrapers in Lower Manhattan's Financial District. The history of the sign and company goes back to William Havemeyer, a German immigrant who arrived in … The 10-story pan house and Finishing House sections are 130 feet (40 m) tall while the 13-story filter house section is 155 feet (47 m) tall, including a chimney. [1] The village of Williamsburg in northern Brooklyn was incorporated on the bank of the East River in 1827, with most of the commercial enterprises located on the waterfront, and after becoming a part of the city of Brooklyn in 1855, Williamsburg grew quickly. That deal required Two Trees to include 700 below-market-rate units, which was 40 more than what was originally offered and 260 more than what the CPC wanted. [64][71] American Sugar Refining bought the brand and plant from Tate & Lyle the same year. [58], As early as the 1920s, industry-wide changes were resulting in a reduction of utilization of the Brooklyn plant. In 1856 the original Domino Sugar Factory was built in Brooklyn, New York, soon to become the largest sugar refinery of its time. [4][6], The first member of the Havemeyer family to open a facility in Williamsburg was John C. Havemeyer, Frederick Jr.'s nephew. When his brother Frederick, a former sugar boiler, joined him three years later, the two young men saved their money from a … [118][119] The first office tenant at Ten Grand signed a lease for space in that building in December 2019. Despite this, the company spent $16 million on expanding the facility in the 1960s. Tours, Factory Tours. Holiday Classics To Cap Off Your Meal. When the redevelopment is complete, it will include 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) of community and commercial space; 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) of office space; 2,800 apartments, of which 700 will be affordable; and 6 acres (2.4 ha) of parkland on the waterfront, which is part of Domino Park. [20][21][22] The fire destroyed several warehouses as well as the 200-by-150-foot (61 by 46 m) building that contained the refinery and finishing house. [53] The company also assumed space at 120 Wall Street in Manhattan's Financial District in 1930, using that space for its offices. [17] That November, Havemeyer & Elder acquired an adjacent parcel,[13][18] which had previously been leased to rival refiners Wintjen, Dick and Harms. The original refinery occupied a lot of 30 by 40 feet (9.1 by 12.2 m), but by the 1840s it had expanded to ten stories and occupied the whole city block. [3][4][5] Frederick C. Havemeyer Jr. (1807–1891), who joined the Havemeyer family business in 1823, helped the operation grow into a large sugar-refining corporation. Development at former sugar factory site welcomes first residents • Brooklyn Paper", "Domino's doughnut-shaped rental 325 Kent is nearing completion in Williamsburg", "Williamsburg's Tallest Building Begins Construction, See Field Condition's Photos of 260 Kent Avenue", "Domino Sugar Refinery redesign approved by Landmarks Commission", "See the transformation of Williamsburg's Domino Park", "Williamsburg's Waterfront Domino Park Is Set to Open This Weekend", "A New Tower Opens on the Domino Site in Williamsburg", "Domino megaproject's second rental debuts in Williamsburg", "First office tower opens at Domino Park site", "Brooklyn's Latest Waterfront Tower Redefines Mixed Use: Tour Of One South First/10 Grand", "Shampoo maker Prose signs on for 12,000 square feet of office space at 10 Grand Street", "Domino Sugar Development Nabs First Office Tenant With Hair Care Company", "11 billion-dollar mega-projects that will transform New York City by 2035", "SHoP's Doughnut-Shaped '325 Kent' Apartment Complex in Brooklyn", "First Tower in Domino Sugar Mega-Project Takes Shape on Kent Avenue in Williamsburg", "Domino's second residential building unveils new looks", "COOKFOX skirts the East River with 3D-molded precast concrete panels", "Domino redevelopment's massive waterfront park will open in summer 2018", "First Look At Williamsburg's Gorgeous New Domino Park On The East River", "The Highest in New-York; Working on the Top of a Very Tall Chimney. Conceived in partnership between Two Trees Management and landscape architecture firm James Corner Field Operations, the lead designers of the High Line, Domino Park is an unrivaled … [42] According to a 1900 Brooklyn Daily Eagle article, workers were employed for at least eight years on average, and many workers either lived near Kent Avenue or took trolley lines to the refinery. Initially, there was serious concern that the explosion was the work of German agents, because the Germans were the United States' adversary in the war,[51] but the ultimate cause was found to be the ignition of sugar grains in the refinery's machinery. [117], The buildings comprise a single structure; the massing is designed so that the upper stories of One South First are carried over the top of Ten Grand upon a glass-clad structure. [104], The complex also contained a "bin structure" in which sugar grains were categorized by size, as well as conveyor bridges leading down to the refinery building. The first commercial building at the Domino Sugar Factory site in Williamsburg officially launched leasing this week. We now have locations in some of the world’s most cosmopolitan cities, including Las Vegas, New York City, Bahrain, Chicago, Miami, Dubai, Orlando and … [15], In February 1882, Theodore Havemeyer purchased a refinery in Red Hook, Brooklyn, so that operations could restart while the new refinery was being erected. [7] At the end of 1856, John C. Havemeyer and Charles E. Bertrand co-founded Havemeyer & Bertrand at the intersection of modern-day Kent Avenue[a] and South 3rd Street. “As long as you live. [120][121], The Domino Sugar Refinery site spans 11 acres (4.5 ha) on the East River north of the Williamsburg Bridge. In 1856 the original Domino Sugar Factory was built in Brooklyn, New York, soon to become the largest sugar refinery of its time. [33] The sugar products were packed into barrels,[40][38] which were stored in the warehouses nearby. This building is going to be torn down, and one of the things I think about is how the sphinx is kind of smirking. [57] By American Sugar's 50th anniversary in 1941, the refinery produced 60 grades of sugars and was a significant source of income to the municipal governments and surrounding community. Subscribe to our newsletter. The structures were designed by Cookfox. A rendering showing Vishaan Chakrabarti's proposal for the former Domino Sugar Factory in Brooklyn. [113] Domino Park, a public park along the East River waterfront, opened in June 2018. This site was the “jewel in the crown” of the Domino Sugar empire that at one point produced up to 98% of the sugar consumed in the United … [33][34] An account of the plant's operation in 1894 stated that the plant was "the largest of its kind in the world" with seven buildings on 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) of land; the refinery employed 3,000 workers and utilized 800 short tons (710 long tons; 730 t) of coal a day, producing 13,000 barrels of sugar daily. [43] Workers were prone to being fired at times of job insecurity, although conditions improved in the early 20th century, when wages were increased and some workers received pensions. [90] The new plan called for 60% more public open space on a new street grid, allowed mixed-use zoning, and was designed to connect the existing neighborhood to the new 0.25 mi (400 m) waterfront. [41], The work conditions at the refinery were described as onerous, and the workers were poorly paid, despite working shifts of at least ten hours per day. [41], American Sugar established the East River Terminal Railroad in 1907 to transport sugar between the refinery and the Brooklyn Eastern District Terminal,[45] immediately to the north of the sugar refinery. [74], In 2014, photographer David Allee explored the abandoned portions of the refinery, stating that it smelled of "creme brulee mixed with mold and rot". Cranes were constructed to unload it, and a new raw sugar shed was built to store the bulk sugar. [27] Only the Pan, Filter, and Finishing House remains of the refinery complex. Well before the iconic Domino Sugar sign that graced the skyline until 2014, this is what the Domino Sugar empire looked like along the Brooklyn waterfront. * [94] In March 2014, the new plans were approved by the City Planning Commission. [85] In 2012, CPC defaulted on its development project for the Domino Sugar Factory. [27] In total, work cost $7 million (equal to $168 million in 2019). [31] The family created the Sugar Refineries Company or Sugar Trust in late 1887. [127], Domino Park is located along the East River waterfront, west of Kent Avenue. The company then threatened to move to New Jersey in 1924 over the failure to close the dead-end streets. Baltimore, MD, USA. When active as a refinery, it was operated by the Havemeyer family's American Sugar Refining Company, which produced Domino brand sugar and was one of several sugar factories on the East River in northern Brooklyn. Many different types of sugar were refined at the facility, and it employed up to 4,500 workers at its peak in 1919. Still, though: The Domino Sugar Factory was an essential employer for the area and largely responsible for the development of Williamsburg over the years, decades, and centuries. [70] Although over a hundred workers defected and returned to work, the remaining striking workers agreed to Tate & Lyle's plan to eliminate 110 positions. [41] The company took ownership of a pier at the end of Grand Street, one block north of the refinery, the same year. [138], A two-story boiler house was located along the East River, west of the refinery building. [4] The refinery employed several Havemeyer family members, including Theodore, Henry, Hector, and Charles, the latter two of whom later formed their own refinery. By … Architect Vishaan Chakrabarti takes us through the redesign of the former Domino Sugar Refinery building located in Williamsburg, BK. The reason was the sugar dust that had accumulated in the factory over the years. [67][68] As a result, 284 workers went on strike in June 1999. Built in 1856, the Domino Sugar Factory is a New York City architectural icon that dominates the East River waterfront of Williamsburg, Brooklyn. After American Sugar completed a plant in Baltimore in 1922, refining operations in Brooklyn were reduced. [29][30], The new refinery structure gave the Havemeyer family a large competitive advantage due to its size,[30] and by 1884, the rebuilt plant employed 1,000 men who made 5,000 barrels of sugar daily. The tops of the two wings are connected on the western side of the building, creating a rectangular hole on the western facade and giving it a "doughnut" shape. Domino and its predecessors operated on the waterfront for a total of 148 years; at its peak, the site employed … While the book was photo heavy, there were some interesting written sections about the history of the factory, the association of the factory with the area among New … The same thing happened in 2007 when another explosion rocked New Yorkers once again. [77][89], Two Trees submitted a new design plan for the site in 2013, designed by SHoP Architects. [53] American Sugar proposed closing the five streets again in 1923, but this was also opposed by the local population. But this spring she was asked to fill a warehouse — the abandoned Domino Sugar factory in New York. Then, the mixture was strained, pumped to the thirteenth floor, and placed into 10-foot-tall (3.0 m), 8-foot-wide (2.4 m) circular vats called "blow-ups". Raw sugar, which had previously been delivered to the refinery in 200-lb. Demolition of the non-landmark structures in the refinery began shortly afterward, and the first new tower in the development project opened in 2017. Namely South First and South Fourth Streets, as well as one block of a road along the river between South First and Grand streets. The Yonkers Refinery, in production along the banks of the Hudson River since 1921, produces over three million pounds of sugar a day -- now that's sweet! [35][38][39] Fifty pipes transported the mixture upward. [27][39] Fire escapes, fire extinguishers, and electric lights were also present in the Pan, Filter, and Finishing House. burlap sacks, began to be delivered in bulk. [100] Several gantry cranes were situated on the waterfront, unloading sugar. [13], Several other refineries were subsequently built in Williamsburg, creating the world's largest sugar-refining center at that time. The Domino Sugar Factory is located at 316 Kent Avenue at South 1st Street. [68][69] When the strike started, Domino reduced operations at the refinery, performing much of the refining at its Baltimore plant before shipping it to Brooklyn for finishing. [38][39][40] The roasting and drying process produced either retail-ready products such as cubes, tablets, and syrups, or individual grains that could be used as ingredients in other processes. The block between South 4th and South 5th streets was a 7-story refinery building, while the block to the south was a single-story detached storehouse. The highly recognizable “Domino Sugar” sign was added the 1950s, transforming the 90,000-square-foot complex into a true New York City landmark. Sweet memories: Haunting photographs of Brooklyn's Domino sugar factory pay tribute to its past before site is transformed into 2,300 new apartments. The tallest was the 210-foot (64 m) chimney of the New York Steam Company. [106][107] 325 Kent Avenue opened in July 2017,[108][109] with the first residents moving into the building the next month. [52] American Sugar also proposed closing the five short dead-end streets between Grand and South Fifth streets, in order to have full control of the land that comprised the refinery, but withdrew its application following local opposition. Join us for a virtual tour of Domino Sugar Refinery. The American Sugar Refining Company grew to control most of the sugar industry in the United States by the late 19th century, with the Brooklyn refinery as its largest plant. [130], When the refinery was rebuilt in 1882–1883, it was composed of several structures on the west side of Kent Avenue between South 2nd and South 6th streets. [35] Afterward, the mixture was filtered through "bone black" and canvas layers into circular tanks that measured 20 feet (6.1 m) tall and 9 feet (2.7 m) across. the property has been in limbo since 2004 and will probably still be for at least another few years. [103][111] 325 Kent Avenue has 382,750 square feet (35,559 m2) of residential space and 9,370 square feet (871 m2) of ground-floor retail space. Now … the property has been in limbo since 2004 and will probably still be … [132] The building is located between South 2nd and South 3rd streets. The next year, American Sugar Refining announced that the Domino Sugar plant would be shuttered due to a lack of demand. [40] The refinery also used large amounts of fresh water: in 1903, it was estimated that the refinery alone used two percent of Brooklyn's water supply. [41] Research and development activities were relocated in 1958 to American Sugar's Philadelphia facility. [37] The strike ended in February 2001, making it one of the longest-ever in the city's history. Domino Sugar, a renowned brand and household name across the East Coast of the United States, has been in operation for more than a century. With the redevelopment of the Domino Sugar Factory, Two Trees Management is creating a spectacular, 11-acre, mixed-use community just north of the Williamsburg Bridge. [95], The agency signed off on the proposal after the de Blasio administration struck a deal with Two Trees Management to include more affordable housing units. Cafe Latte Cheesecake view. Currently in the middle of a battle with local historians. Early 1950s Raw sugar, which had previously been delivered to the refinery in 200-lb. [37] Raw sugar was first unloaded from piers along the East River, and mixed with water within the filter house. the First of the Great Pair of Chimneys of One of the New Steam Companies", "Behold The Refinery: the future of Williamsburg's salvaged Domino Sugar plant", "$525,000 Water Bill Against Sugar Trust; Brooklyn Makes Demand for Six Years Unmetred Supply. About Domino Sugar Factory Redevelopment Plan. the developer wants to demolish the old factory section and put up 4 300 foot residential towers. [77] Following a wide-ranging rezoning of the north Brooklyn waterfront the next year, preservationists lobbied to save the Domino Sugar Refinery and other industrial structures on the waterfront. [39][134] To deliver coal to the refinery, American Sugar used ten coal barges, each with a capacity of between 750 and 1,250 short tons (670 and 1,120 long tons; 680 and 1,130 t). [73] The refinery stopped operating in 2004;[74] more than 220 workers were laid off at the end of January 2004, and two dozen workers were retained for packing operations that shuttered by the end of the year. [80][96] The same year, from May through July, artist Kara Walker exhibited her piece A Subtlety at the refinery's Syrup Shed. [27][131] These structures are interconnected and measured 250 feet (76 m) north–south by 150 feet (46 m) west–east. But in the latter half of the 20th century, time caught up with the factory. [123] The building contains 522 residential units, 105 of which are affordable-housing apartments, and the units range from studio apartments to two-bedroom apartments. After a fire destroyed the original structures, the current complex was built in 1882 by Theodore A. Havemeyer, Thomas Winslow, and J. E. James. Art21, a producer of contemporary art documentaries, was given access to the making of Kara Walker’s installation at Domino. For other sites, see, The refinery seen in 2012; the filter, pan, and finishing house (left) is still standing, while ancillary structures (right) have been demolished. Now Walker is about to unveil her first public artwork, commissioned for the former Domino Sugar Factory in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Domino Park is a 6-acre (2.4 ha) public park in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City.It spans a quarter mile along the East River near the Williamsburg Bridge, at the Domino Sugar Refinery site. Be among the first the know about new projects & more! Domino Sugar Factory . [39][h] The top section of the chimney was expanded in the 1920s using curved brick. [9][13] During 1863 and 1865, the Havemeyers bought two lots between South 2nd and South 4th streets for expansion of the facility. Over its 150 years, the Refinery operated under many different names and owners — Havemeyers & Elder, Sugar Refineries Company, American Sugar Refining Company, Amstar Sugar Corporation, Tate & Lyle, Domino Sugar Corporation, and Florida Crystals Corporation. Kent Avenue was known as First Street before 1881. [32][33] The Sugar Trust was reorganized into the American Sugar Refining Company in 1891 after the previous year's passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act; prior to reorganization, the trust had controlled 98% of the United States' sugar production. [60] The refinery's cooperage closed in 1946 after the industry stopped using wood barrels to ship sugar. On the eastern facade, along Kent Avenue, there are vertical brick pilasters. BASIC INFO: The Domino Sugar Factory is located at South 1 st Street at Kent Avenue, Williamsburg, NY 11211. Ten Grand contains 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) of retail space and 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) of office space. Support Creative Time's groundbreaking programs. Domino Sugar Corporation traces its roots back to William Havemeyer, an enterprising English immigrant who had worked as a supervisor in a cane sugar refinery and arrived in New York in 1799. The complex's filter, pan, and finishing house was made a New York City designated landmark in 2007, because of its historical significance as one of several industrial concerns on Brooklyn's waterfront. The Domino Sugar Factory, one of New York City’s architectural icons, dominates the waterfront of Williamsburg, Brooklyn. The industrial waterfront of Brooklyn was developed in the 19th century with the construction of major shipping hubs such as Red Hook's Atlantic Basin, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and Industry City. [133], The Pan, Filter, and Finishing House is made mostly of reddish brick, which are 4 feet (1.2 m) thick on the lower stories and 2 feet (0.61 m) thick on the upper stories. The “old buildings,” such as the Domino Sugar factory, housed manufacturing jobs for Williamsburg’s working class for many decades, and as globalization rose and jobs were exported overseas, these factories were shut down, leading to lots of empty space throughout Williamsburg. Most of the windows have brick arches. [49][50] A crowd of more than 15,000 people gathered to watch the plant burn. List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Brooklyn, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, "Austin, Nichols and Company Warehouse (Overturned)", "Williamsburg to Retain Historic Sugar Refinery", "The Sugar Market. [33][43][44] Later immigrants came from eastern, northern, and southern Europe, as well as the West Indies. This refinery also holds another record – New York City’s longest labor strikes in history. The authors with Robert Shelton at the exhibit2737-42. In total, the entire 10-year Domino Sugar Factory project will yield 2,300 apartments, 500,000 square feet of commercial space, … [36] Raw sugar was shipped from forty countries and from Florida. [116][117][127] The panels for One South First generally measure 9.75 by 5.75 feet (2.97 by 1.75 m), while the panels for Ten Grand and the shared base measure 12.42 by 10.00 feet (3.79 by 3.05 m). Three years later, 17 of the largest sugar refiners in the U.S. merged to form the Sugar Refineries Co. Trust, later reorganized as the American Sugar … That was the number Robert Shelton punched into a clock at the Domino Sugar factory for 20 years. DFI distributes sugar to retailers under four brand names across the U.S: Domino, C&H, Florida … [80][99] In mid-2014, demolition of the structures commenced;[57][100] demolition was mostly complete by December 2014. The village of Williamsburg in northern Brooklyn was incorporated on the bank of the East Riverin 1827, with most of the commercial enterprises located on the waterfront, and after becoming a part of the city of Broo… 2737-42. [41][g], In 1926, American Sugar commenced a large renovation of the plant. History of the Brooklyn Domino Sugar Refinery The 150-year history of the plant as a refinery ended in 2004 after a long and persistent decline in demand. For Now, They Burn Sage", "Kara Walker Creates a Confection at the Domino Refinery", "See the Destruction of the Domino Sugar Factory", "Demolition of the Domino Sugar Refinery is Almost Complete", "Domino Destructoporn: Old Sugar Refinery Demolition Almost Done", "325 Kent Avenue Opens As First Building of Two Trees' Domino Redevelopment, Williamsburg", "Relics of the Domino Sugar Refinery, Frozen in Time and Syrup", "Brooklyn's waterfront future starts with Domino Sugar site", "87,000 People Applied For Affordable Apartments At The Domino Sugar Factory", "87,000 People Applied for 104 Subsidized Apartments at Domino Development", "First Project In Former Domino Sugar Site, 325 Kent, Offers New Luxury Rentals in South Williamsburg", "Rental Building Rises on Domino Sugar Site", "Oooh, Domino! [13][21] It caused an estimated $1.5 million in damage, though insurance policies covered about half of the losses,[c] and resulted in the elimination of 1,200 to 2,000 jobs. [111][124], The lower portion of the facade is made of copper, while the upper portion consists of zinc. [91][92] Though some neighborhood residents opposed the redevelopment, this opposition was more limited after Two Trees agreed to add more affordable housing and parkland. [8][b] The firm assumed the name Havemeyer, Townsend & Company in 1858, then Havemeyer & Elder in 1863. Raceland Sugar Mill has processed its sugar at the Chalmette Domino plant for about 32 years. *The refinery does NOT offer public tours. Havemeyer Company, Havemeyer, Townsend & Co. Refinery, and Domino Sugar) is a privately held sugar marketing and sales company based in New Jersey, USA, that sells products produced by its manufacturing members. [3] In 1917, during World War I, an explosion destroyed part of the plant,[3][48] killing between six and twelve workers. [30] American Sugar was renamed Amstar in 1970,[61] and its New York City office was relocated to 1251 Avenue of the Americas in 1971. … [50], By 1919, the refinery had over 4,500 paid employees. It was the first of many sugar refineries that contributed to the emergence of the Port of New York as the industrial center in … [33][41][43] Workers were paid a starting salary of between $1.12 and $1.50 per day (equivalent to between $33 and $44 in 2019[e]), with 5- or 10-cent pay increases according to tenure. Engineers Are Taking State of Meters All Around the Refinery to See If Even More Is Not Owed", "Havemeyers & Elder Filter, Pan & Finishing House", High School of Enterprise, Business, & Technology, Williamsburg High School for Architecture and Design, Congregation Yetev Lev D'Satmar (Hooper Street), Congregation Yetev Lev D'Satmar (Rodney Street), Light of the World Church Pentecostal Church, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Domino_Sugar_Refinery&oldid=990842554, Industrial buildings and structures in New York City, New York City Designated Landmarks in Brooklyn, Redevelopment projects in the United States, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages which use embedded infobox templates with the title parameter, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Theodore A. Havemeyer, Thomas Winslow and J. E. 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